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A group dynamics refer to a classification of psychological processes such as behavior and attitudes that are present in various social groups. In essence, group dynamics is the negative and positive forces within a specific group. Individuals who possess certain knowledge regarding group dynamics can understand the behavior involved in a decision making (Prince, n.d.). The knowledge is essential because it assists one with better understanding of some features of social prejudice, racism, and discrimination. Notably, the word ‘dynamics,’ refers to force; group dynamics, therefore, is the study of forces within a particular group (Prince, n.d.). Due to the fact that human beings tend to have an intrinsic desire to belong to a group, the group dynamics is bound to occur. For instance, in an organization or society, one can spot groups, large or small, working for their well-being. The social process by which individuals interact with each other in groups refers to as group dynamism (Prince, n.d.).
A group that possesses common goals and objectives encourages its members to be bound together with these cultures and values. It is the primary reason explaining why groups are important for societal life as they have an influence on people’s perception. In organizational development, group dynamics refers to the understanding of people’s behaviors in groups attempting to solve or make a decision on a given problem. Effective managers often act as facilitators and assist a particular group in accompanying its intended objectives and thus amicably arrive at correct decisions (Prince, n.d.). It is, therefore, important for one to familiarize oneself with the necessary skills in group leadership.
People are inclined to gather in groups for different reasons other than just task completion, and the group process occurs in other types of groups such as encounter groups, growth groups, prayer groups, and study groups. On such occasions, an individual with expertise in group process can be quite helpful, especially in playing the role of facilitator (Prince, n.d.). It is because the analyzed individual understands how and when perform a particular task; thus making it possible to maintain a positive group ambiance.
Additionally, for one to be a good facilitator, he or she ought to possess appropriate group observational skills. Group observation, simply refers to the general outlook that individual members possess, with regards to a character (Prince, n.d.). It means that when people are in groups, they are more likely to develop a negative or positive perception towards something if at all they have a negative or a positive observation towards it. Stereotypes are good examples of group perceptions. Group dynamism is important because it influences the thinking of its respective members as they are always influenced by the interactions of other colleagues within the group (Prince, n.d.).
Group dynamism can be well elaborated in the movie, 12 Angry Men; this is a courtroom drama which generally captions people’s perceptions regarding the constitution that promises defendants a fair trial as well as the presumption of innocence. The main argument herein occurs after the close of the murder trial. It involves twelve members of the jury who need to deliberate and subsequently pass a guilty verdict (Prince, n.d.). If the guilty verdict is passed, then it results in a death sentence to the accused teenage boy. As the movie progresses, one juror casts doubt on various elements of the case and from it, personal issues arise and immediately, a conflict threatens to derail the fate of the accused teenager (Prince, n.d.).
It is evident from the movie that the notion of values and truth that are expected to be encapsulated in the social system tend to be quite different from one dynamic group to the other. It means that the more aware one is of the other’s culture, the more one changes their perception towards that individual. For instance, because as part of their culture, it is not deviation for the teenage boy to carry a knife around, nonetheless, in the juror’s eyes, the boy would not carry a knife around unless he was planning to kill his father (Prince, n.d.). Group dynamism, therefore, takes precedence with regards to the cultural perception of the young boy by the group.
Individuals in the group have different roles to play regarding group dynamics. Thus, each decision made individually would matter a lot to the young boy’s life (Prince, n.d.). Notably, when a group becomes too confident, it fails to realistically reason. It is imperative for an effective group to weigh in all the factors culminating in a proper decision; this will ensure that the correct decision is promptly made.
In conclusion, after watching the ‘12 Angry Men’, one can observe that due to juror number 8, the principle of reasonable doubt was upheld and the group dynamic which could have been the downfall of the young accused was somewhat averted. The movie, however, does not state whether the defendant is guilty or innocent. Nonetheless, the viewers can observe that the concept of group dynamism has been applied; Juror number 8 was an excellent facilitator who possessed adequate group observational skills.
Prince, G. M. (N.d). The Practice of Creativity: A Manual for Dynamic Group Problem Solving. New York, NY: Harper & Row.