answer the 6 questions in this paper

the reading + the questions in the file

the questions:

Question 1 (2 points)

One of the most striking aspects of the archaeological record of our own species that the author mentions is the remarkable appearance of                                 .

Question 1 options:

anthropomorphic representation
blade tools
more energy-efficient use of the environment
non-random distribution of hearths
intentional burial


Question 2 (2 points)

Anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss suggested that different cooking methods are related to their social context. Specifically, he thought that roasting is associated with              , whereas boiling focuses on                 social contexts.

Question 2 options:

public; familial
institutional; private
outdoors; indoor
warm/dry seasons; wet/cold seasonal
rites of passage; quotidian (daily life)


Question 3 (2 points)

The three effects of cooking the author describes that may be associated with the evolutionary changes in our ancestors are:

Question 3 options:

(i) larger social groups; (ii) the hearth as a focal point; and (iii) creating materials for personal adornment
(i) taste/smell; (ii) tenderization; and (iii) alter nutritional properties
(i) preservation; (ii) portability; and (iii) reduce harmful organisms
(i) smaller tooth sizes; (ii) bigger brains; and (iii) changes in reproductive cycles
(i) sweeten; (ii) produce other tasty compounds (‘Amadori’ products); and (iii) combine different tastes and smells to make food more palatable


Question 4 (2 points)

The ‘expensive tissue hypothesis’ describes a relationship between                           in early humans. Its focus is to explain                            .

Question 4 options:

the amount of energy required to obtain meat versus its nutritional value; scavenging versus hunting
nutritional requirements for essential fatty acids (EFA) and decreasing gut size; increases in consumption of fish through time
increasing nutritional requirements to support organs that are metabolically costly; increasing brain sizes
the intensity of social interaction and frequency of hearths; the emergence of articles of personal adornment


Question 5 (1 point)

The earliest secure archaeological evidence for the control of fire, according to the reading, dates to:

Question 5 options:

75,000 BP
46,000 BP
500,000 BP
180,000 BP


Question 6 (1 point)

The author suggests that                        are a diagnostic tool type associated with modern humans.

Question 6 options:

projectile points

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