answer the 6 questions in this paper
the reading + the questions in the file
Question 1 (2 points)
One of the most striking aspects of the archaeological record of our own species that the author mentions is the remarkable appearance of .
Question 1 options:
|more energy-efficient use of the environment|
|non-random distribution of hearths|
Anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss suggested that different cooking methods are related to their social context. Specifically, he thought that roasting is associated with , whereas boiling focuses on social contexts.
Question 2 options:
|warm/dry seasons; wet/cold seasonal|
|rites of passage; quotidian (daily life)|
The three effects of cooking the author describes that may be associated with the evolutionary changes in our ancestors are:
Question 3 options:
|(i) larger social groups; (ii) the hearth as a focal point; and (iii) creating materials for personal adornment|
|(i) taste/smell; (ii) tenderization; and (iii) alter nutritional properties|
|(i) preservation; (ii) portability; and (iii) reduce harmful organisms|
|(i) smaller tooth sizes; (ii) bigger brains; and (iii) changes in reproductive cycles|
|(i) sweeten; (ii) produce other tasty compounds (‘Amadori’ products); and (iii) combine different tastes and smells to make food more palatable|
The ‘expensive tissue hypothesis’ describes a relationship between in early humans. Its focus is to explain .
Question 4 options:
|the amount of energy required to obtain meat versus its nutritional value; scavenging versus hunting|
|nutritional requirements for essential fatty acids (EFA) and decreasing gut size; increases in consumption of fish through time|
|increasing nutritional requirements to support organs that are metabolically costly; increasing brain sizes|
|the intensity of social interaction and frequency of hearths; the emergence of articles of personal adornment|
The earliest secure archaeological evidence for the control of fire, according to the reading, dates to:
Question 5 options:
The author suggests that are a diagnostic tool type associated with modern humans.
Question 6 options: