Race and Ethnicity Week-6

29th Oct-4th Nov

Important information

Assignment-5 Exam-2 Read the chapter-9 What is Race and Ethnicity? What is Racial Segregation( RS) and how to measure it? Causes of RS? What is Racialization?

Understanding Segregation and Measuring it

http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2012/05/11/n yregion/segregation-in-new-york-city-public-


Race and ethnicity(1) Is a combination of physical attributes in a population. Differences in skin color, eye color and hair color are variations within the human race and not between races. Adaptations to different environment

Race and Ethnicity(2) RACE: It refers to large portion of humanity unified by common physical and genetic traits. Common history/culture African-American, White, Asian Ethnicity:

Smaller groups of people classed according to cultural, national, tribal, religious or linguistic background

Does Segregation Exists??

http://www.economist.com/node/1551623 http://www.economist.com/node/21547270 http://www.economist.com/node/12987556http://www.economist.com/node/1551623http://www.economist.com/node/21547270http://www.economist.com/node/12987556

Gender and Segregation

http://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2012/09/30/ opinion/30coontz-gr1.htmlhttp://www.nytimes.com/imagepages/2012/09/30/opinion/30coontz-gr1.html

Important links to Race/Racism

http://www.pbs.org/race/000_General/000_00-Home.htm http://articles.cnn.com/keyword/racism http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQHdbW36XjEhttp://www.pbs.org/race/000_General/000_00-Home.htmhttp://articles.cnn.com/keyword/racismhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQHdbW36XjE

Ethnicity Race and Ethnicity are culturally and socially determined phenomenon Race: Physical characteristics Russian, Cuban, Hispanics, Asian Indians, Asian Chinese, Asian Koreans etc New Immigrants Inter-racial marriages

Spatial Segregation

Minority Group Host Society Segregation Assimilation

Measuring Segregation Interpretation of Index of

Segregation Range 0 – 100 Closer to 0 = less segregated Closer to 100 = more segregated

You can play around with other cities too..

http://www.censusscope.org/us/s5/p15190/chart_di ssimilarity.htmlhttp://www.censusscope.org/us/s5/p15190/chart_dissimilarity.html

Racial Segregation


Ethnicities in Los


Hispanic, white, African American, and Asian areas in and around Los Angeles.

Ethnic Distribution in Los Angeles

Racial Segregation Geographic concentration of a particular racial group Jobs, education, housing, social privileges Similarities in culture, language, social networks, and support for settlement Italian: prefer to live in segregated neighborhoods

What causes segregation?

Economics Discrimination Preferences

Causes of Segregation Economics: Most minorities earn lower income and posses less wealth Cant afford to live in same/high income neighborhoods Discrimination:

Real estate agents and lenders Not yet ended in housing markets

Causes of Segregation

Preferences: Voluntary self separation practices by minorities Cultural reinforcements, job contracts etc Minorities want to live close to their groups

White flight Whites react to a tipping point When racial composition goes beyond a certain threshold, the neighborhood will tip. The neighborhood will turn completely over from whites to blacks as whites leave the neighborhood very quickly and this process is called WHITE FLIGHT

Role of Real Estate Agents White flight: Encouraged by Block Busting(BB) BB: Real estate agents convinced white homeowners living near a black area to sell their houses at low prices, preying on their fears that black families would soon move into the neighborhood and cause the values to decline.

Block Busting The Practice undertaken by some real estate agents of introducing black purchasers into predominantly white areas in the hope that the latter will sell up and move out at deflated prices, thereby making the agents to resell the properties to new black families at higher prices.

Ethnic Diversity, New York City

Italian American Neighborhood change in Chicago

Little Italy in San Diego

Little India in Cerritos,CA

China Town in Washington DC


It describes the process whereby the majority in society systematically imposes a racial identity upon a minority group with less social, economic and political power.

Residential Segregation (RS)

Laws passed after 1960s that its illegal to legislate residential segregation. RS still exists Massey and Denton define RS as the degree to which two or more groups live separately from one another in different parts of the environment.

Racial Segregation

  • Race and Ethnicity
  • Important information
  • Understanding Segregation and Measuring it
  • Race and ethnicity(1)
  • Race and Ethnicity(2)
  • Does Segregation Exists??
  • Gender and Segregation
  • Important links to Race/Racism
  • Ethnicity
  • Spatial Segregation
  • Measuring Segregation�Interpretation of Index of Segregation
  • You can play around with other cities too..
  • Racial Segregation
  • Slide Number 14
  • Ethnicities in Los Angeles
  • Ethnic Distribution in Los Angeles
  • Slide Number 17
  • Racial Segregation
  • What causes segregation?
  • Causes of Segregation
  • Causes of Segregation
  • White flight
  • Slide Number 23
  • Role of Real Estate Agents
  • Block Busting
  • Slide Number 26
  • Ethnic Diversity, New York City
  • Italian American Neighborhood change in Chicago
  • Little Italy in San Diego
  • Little India in Cerritos,CA
  • China Town in Washington DC
  • Racialization
  • Residential Segregation (RS)
  • Racial Segregation

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